Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Regime

The Saudi regime consists of seven chapters and 76 items that establish the identity of the Kingdom, its religion and its constitution as an Arab and Islamic state with full sovereignty. Its religion is Islam; its constitution is the Holy Book of the Qur'an; its language is Arabic, and its capital is Riyadh. Its festivals are Islamic Eids such as Eid Al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Its calendar is based on Hijrah (the Prophet's migration to Madinah). The Saudi flag is green with a width that is equal to two-thirds of its length. It bears the shahada written in white color, two crossed swords and a palm tree in the middle. The phrase" There is no god but Allah, and Mohammad is the Messenger of Allah" is written on it. This national flag is not to be turned over on its reverse side.
The articles in the regime also stated clear rules on the duties of the Crown Prince, and the way citizens are to make allegiance to the King. These rules were taken from the Holy Qur'an and the Prophet's Sunna. They also state that the Kingdom's justice system is based on sharia and equality, which form its base. Its strength is the family, which is protected by the state to strengthen brotherly ties, individual piety and righteousness, as well as solidarity among members of the community.

To promote national unity, it is necessary for the state to prevent acts that may threaten cohesion and lead to separation or division. There is a strong concentration on instilling Islamic Teachings in the hearts of the young Saudi through education, an awareness of the country's lofty goal, as well as the Islamic faith, and equip them with knowledge and skills that prepare them for a useful contribution to nation building. Young people must also be given a sense of patriotism and pride in their country's glorious history.

The Saudi regime discusses economic issues, especially the management of the national wealth which belongs to the State. It also discusses the means of exploring, protecting, developing resources, concession granting limits, state investments, adherence to public fund protection guidelines, and the safety and protection of citizens and expatriates.

It is also important to point out that the regime respects private property and capital in accordance with Islamic law; the state guarantees the integrity of and freedom to own private property. It also acts to prevent the confiscation of private funds and property without a court order. No fees or taxes are to be imposed unless needed and approved by an act of justice. The collection and disbursement of Zakat are to be performed as prescribed by Islamic law.

The State strives to protect the Islam doctrine, the application of Islamic Law, the promotion of Virtue and prevention of Vice, and da’wah to Allah. It also strives to ensure security of the two Holy Mosques site, and provides services to the guests to achieve Arab and Islamic solidarity, to strength our relationships with Arab, Islamic and friendly countries, to protect human rights in accordance with Islamic law, and to provide healthcare to citizens and their families in case of illness, emergency or disability.

The state also supports the social security system and encourages individuals and institutions to contribute to charity. It also encourages participating with the state in promoting sciences and Arts; in providing education for the general public and combating illiteracy; in maintaining and protecting the environment, the armed forces infrastructure and equipment; and in defending the homeland. The defense of our Islamic faith and the integrity of the nation and society are the duty and responsibility of every citizen.

The system also spells out the rules governing Saudi citizenship, and the state's obligation to provide security for its citizens and expatriates living on its soil. It also puts limits to the severity of punishment incurred by individual violators. There is no crime or punishment unless legally specified in writing. No penalty is inflicted unless the act is legally described as reprehensible in a formal text.

The Mass media must be committed to carrying only responsible information approved by the state's censorship system to protect peace and prevent public disorder.        Mail correspondences and telephone calls are protected from delay, oversight or eavesdropping, except in cases stipulated in the system. The council of the King and Crown Prince are open to every citizen and anyone who has a valid complaint or grievance.

The system also specifies what falls under the jurisdiction of state's authorities, the Judiciary, the executive, and the regulatory branches. The King has the final say in all matters concerning them.

The source of advisory opinion (or Fatwa) is the Holy Qur'an and the Sunna of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). The system stipulates that the judiciary is independent and the judges are bound in their rulings only by Islamic shari'ah. The right of appeal is provided for all citizens. Shariah laws are applied in all cases brought to court. The King or his deputy is in charge of executing the courts' rulings. As stipulated in the system, the king executes the National policy in accordance with Islamic Laws (Shari'ah), ensures the application of Shari'ah laws, monitors the state's general policy, and protects and defends the state.