Prince Mohammad Bin Abdul Aziz received his elementary and secondary education at the Capital Model Institute, and enrolled in the University of California Santa Barbara where he was awarded a Bachelor in Economics and Political Sciences. His education in the United States was a very valuable experience that provided him with international exposure and familiarity with best practices in economics and policies from a western point of view, which enriched his practices both in the private and the public sectors. After his graduation from the university, Prince Mohammad worked in the private sector but was soon recruited for various governmental roles. He was appointed as Assistant Deputy Minister of Interior and remained in this position until he became Governor of the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1985.